The concept of care prevention is based on the balance that exists between protective and pathological factors, a balance by which carious lesions become reversible or inactive (stagnant). Dental caries is an infectious disease that occurs as a result of an imbalance between the demineralization and remineralization processes, and its treatment is carried out according to a medical
It involves three ways of approaches:
- non-intervention (subclinical lesions)
- prophylaxis in order to stop the disease (cavitation/non-cavitation lesions in clinically detectable enamel)
- restoration and prevention of marginal secondary caries or recurrence ( clinically detectable dentin lesions + pulp lesions).
There is less information about the state of dental health in preschool children than in school children, the main reason being the heavier approach to preschoolers, especially if they do not attend collectives (kindergarten). It is also known that the permanent dentition takes over the occlusal relationships of the temporary teeth if the latter remained intact and functions normally. Hence the importance of prophylaxis during the preschool period and before any visit to the dentist, who can not only control and even stop the evolution of caries, but can also provide the most accurate information regarding dental hygiene, suitable for each individual case.
The Basis of Care Prevention is the Modification(Dentist)
This One or More of the Three Main Factors Involved in the Etiology of Caries:
- the elimination of cariogenic bacteria from the oral ecosystem
- the increase of the tooth’s resistance to acid attack
- the control of carbohydrates in the diet.
Oro-dental prevention calls on data and results from various epidemiological studies.
These are performed on representative samples where one criterion is age. In dentistry, the ages are:
- 6 years, temporary dentition
- 6 years, eruption of the first permanent tooth
- 12 years, creation of dental arches
- 18 years, completion of the growth process
- 35-44 years and >65 years.
Milk teeth or temporary teeth, there are 20 of them. They start to erupt (to come out of the gum): – at the age of 6-7 months, first, the two lower central incisors appear – followed by the upper counterparts, in general around the age of 11 months – at 10 months the upper lateral incisors appear, then the lower lateral incisors – between the 12th and 9th months, the first temporary molars erupt – then the canines (between the 9th month and XXIVth) – then of the second temporary molars (between 24 and 30 months). The milk teeth are therefore constituted in their entirety by the age of 3 years and any delay in the eruption of teeth greater than one year above this age must be considered pathological.
The eruption may be accompanied by salivation, and redness of the gums which may eventually be swollen, shiny, and painful. Sometimes small blue cysts, serious coryza, and a reddening of the cheeks are observed.
The data on the prevalence and carious experience of temporary teeth come from some studies undertaken at the national level, but mostly from studies on smaller groups of children.
Dental Health of Children (Dentist)
The “Dental Health of Children in Europe” project, initiated by Sweden in 1992 and carried out under similar conditions, on equal groups of children, in 8 countries of the European Community, provides data on caries in children aged 5 from urban areas. The highest number of children without cavities is found in Sweden and Spain (26-28%). Studies show that the prevalence index in the age group 3-7 years was 62-70%, the value increasing towards the age of 6 years. The WHO proposed that in 2000 50% of children aged 5-6 years should not present caries and in 2010 90% of them. Considering the WHO objectives, the results of the studies undertaken in the USA show an insufficient concern for the dental health of preschool children.
How to Get Rid of Caries (Dentist)
Caries is damage to the dental unit that develops when exposed to organic acids. The development of putrefactive microorganisms adversely affects the condition of the teeth. Carious lesions occur in people of all ages.It doesn’t matter how old you are. This process is experienced by adults as well as children. At the initial stage, it does not cause discomfort. As it progresses, tissue is affected. We will talk about the most popular pathology in dentistry.
Many factors contribute to the appearance of the problem. This results in poor oral hygiene. Pathology is caused by poor-quality food. Fatty, salty, sour, and sweet foods contribute to the destruction of the enamel layer. The condition of the teeth can be worsened by various influences.
There are other causes of pathology:
- bad ecology;
- lack of vitamins;
- disorders in the gastrointestinal tract;
- malfunctions of the salivary glands;
- taking certain medications.
Do not want to face caries? Remember the quality of hygiene. Pay attention to nutrition and vitamins. Watch your health. Don’t put off going to the dentist.
The level of involvement and localization of caries determine the classification. Depending on the stage of development, a different therapeutic approach is applied. When the disease is caught early on, it is simpler to treat and eradicate it.
There are 4 Stages:
- Initial: The surface of the teeth begins to change color. White spots appear. The patient does not experience discomfort.
- Surface: Dark spots are visible. The affected dental unit reacts to hot, cold, sweet, and sour foods.
- Average: Dentin is damaged. External stimuli cause pain.
- Deep: Dentin and enamel are severely affected. Analgesics no longer help to get rid of pain. Deep caries can lead to serious pathologies.
Have you noticed changes in the surface of the front or chewing teeth? You need to visit the dentist’s office. The doctor will conduct an examination. Perform treatment if necessary.
Caries Treatment (Dentist)
Caries – Damage to the hard tissues of the dental unit. Occurs when the mouth cavity is exposed to germs.
Installing a Filling on a Tooth (Dentist)
Fillings are actively used in the restoration of crowns and dental canals. Such work is necessary for the treatment of pulpitis and periodontitis. The diagnostic technique depends on the stage. First, the doctor conducts an examination. The dentist will see the lesion even at the initial stage. Using a probe, irregularities are detected. A mirror is used. With its help, the dental unit is completely inspected. You can use a microscope. Additional modern types of diagnostics can be used.
Drying is taking place. The tooth is separated from saliva to accomplish this. Dry cotton swabs. The damaged surface has no gloss. When dried, it becomes matte. The method allows you to identify initial caries.
It is carried out with the help of special markers. After the affected areas become more visible. The coloring matter drains from healthy enamel. The damaged surface is rough. Such areas absorb paint. The dentist quickly detects the disease.
Diagnostics reveal hidden changes. They cannot be seen on inspection. X-ray examination will show the disease in a latent form. You can see the depth of destruction.
Reactions to hot or cold temperatures are tested. This allows you to identify the pathology. Dental units are irrigated with cold or hot water. The occurrence of pain allows you to establish education.
Panoramic X-ray allows you to get a complete clinical picture. The dentist sees the state of the dental system. A dental tomograph displays the affected areas.
Exposure to UV light
The method reveals the disease of the initial stage. UV light is used. Rays of light are passed through a special filter. Healthy enamel becomes snow-white. Damaged areas take on a dark tint. At the same time, the boundaries of lesions are noticeable.
The dentist uses a thread made of silk. This method helps to identify damage between dental units. The doctor inserts the floss into the teeth. Begins to gently lower it, and raise it. If the thread moves smoothly – probably in order. Jamming or damage indicates a possible injury.
- Enter your phone number and we will give you a free consultation
- I want a consultation
- By making an appointment, you consent to the processing of your data
How are Caries Treated in Dentistry?
The elimination process depends on the stage of the pathology. Often, treatment is performed according to the following algorithm:
Plaque cleaning. Soft, hard deposits are carefully removed. Abrasive pastes are used. Massive plaque is removed with ultrasonic nozzles. Hue definition. For this, a special scale is used. An accurate selection of the color of the enamel will make the filling invisible. Anesthesia Treatment of the middle, deep stage of the lesion is carried out using the most effective painkillers. The choice of anesthetic is selected depending on the age of the patient, sensitivity, and depth of the lesion. Removing diseased tissue. Affected areas need to be taken out. The edges of the enamel are drilled out. The work is carried out very carefully. The doctor must remove all affected tissue. Otherwise, the pathology will begin to develop again, leading to periodontitis and other complications. Isolation and processing. The dental unit is isolated from saliva. Carious cavities are treated with antiseptics.
- Etching: Dentin and enamel are treated with a special acid. The gel penetrates into the tissues of the dental unit. After the remnants are washed off, and the tooth is dried.
- Sealing: The doctor puts an insulating pad, which helps to avoid shrinkage of the filling. With the help of a filling, the dentist restores the shape of the tooth. The high-quality material is indistinguishable from a natural crown.
- Completion: The doctor grinds and polishes the filling. The surface becomes smooth. The treatment provides not only perfect aesthetics. Cleansing and removal of affected tissues will exclude the development of pathology under the filling.
Can You Treat (Dentist) Dental Caries at Home?
Often, patients choose to postpone their visit to the dentist. But only a dentist can determine the disease. Revealing newly formed caries is difficult. Noticed a speck on the enamel? Contact your doctor in the Dental clinic.
Pastes will help prevent further damage. They must contain fluorine and calcium. Choose remineralizing compounds. Regular use will reduce sensitivity. Discomfort will go away while eating. Finding an effective remedy is difficult. Before buying funds, you should consult with your dentist. Often doctors advise alternating compositions containing fluorine and calcium.
These results underline the need to establish educational programs for dental health both at the national and community level, with kindergartens and schools having a great potential to influence children’s dental healthcare habits. It also underlines the need to establish regional preventive programs, as part of a global national program, which also takes into account socio-economic and cultural factors.
Jennifer is a fun-loving girl with more interest developed in writing. She loves to cook and read books in free time. Her hobby of reading books at a young age motivated her to start writing blog posts, and here she is, with numerous articles written. Other than cooking, reading, and writing, she enjoys exploring the great outdoors.