The German study visa is an entirely different document and process than a work visa. First, you’ll need to qualify for a study visa that falls into one of two categories: Scholarship or Grant Recipient (Studienstipendiat) or Student at State-recognized Educational Institution (Studierender). After you’ve determined that your circumstances qualify for one of these two types, the next thing to do is find out if you need anything besides the application like language courses or vaccinations. Again, knowing what needs to be done before applying for a study visa is essential, so there are no surprises along the way.
Types of Germany Study Visas
German Student Visa
A German student visa (Studenten Aufenthaltstitel) is issued to an international student at a German university or university-recognized college and is valid for one academic year. The application process has different steps and requirements depending on whether you’re part of a three- or four-year program.
If you’re sure you want to study in Germany, there are several advantages to applying for a study visa before arrival. For example, applying for a residence permit before arrival would allow you to bypass the visa office in Germany and head straight for the consulate, where they will expedite your passport through express service. In addition, there are plenty of undergraduate courses in Germany for Indian students.
German Student Applicant Visa
The German student applicant visa (Fachschulabsolventen Aufenthaltstitel) is also issued to an international student at a German university or university-recognized college and is valid for one academic year. The application process, however, is different than the regular student visa (Studenten Aufenthaltstitel). It’s only available to international students who have already completed their vocational training or alternative qualification in Germany.
Students, who have already been accepted into a German university, can apply for this visa type, provided they meet the requirements set by the Foreign Ministry of Germany.
German Language Course Visa
Every international student who wishes to study in Germany must prove they have completed a minimum of three months of German language courses. It is called a language course visa and the minimum required time is 12 weeks.
Those who don’t meet this requirement have options for obtaining a German language course certificate (Deutsch Sprachdiplom). Students need to consider this before applying for their visas. But, first, it will cost them more money to obtain this certificate than if they had started working toward that goal before arriving in Germany.
Germany Student Visa Processing Time
The application process for a German study visa is relatively straightforward, but it can take up to 6 months or longer. When international students apply for a German student visa, they must apply to a designated German consulate. The documents required will depend on whether they already have an entry visa or not.
Once the consul reviews their application, they will schedule an appointment for the applicant to come in and undergo the interview process to determine their eligibility for a study visa. First, they will be asked about their history, reasons for wishing to study in Germany, and their family background and history.
What’s a University Admission Confirmation Letter?
A university admission confirmation letter is a document that serves as proof that the applicant has been accepted into an institution of higher education/university in Germany. It must include information such as the date and time of admission, several credits to be attained by the student, and a detailed profile of the planned coursework. Depending on the university, this letter may also include information about tuition fees or scholarships received.
In addition to submitting their acceptance letter from their university, potential students must also submit official transcripts of their academic records from every institute or school they have previously attended.
What’s the University Entrance Qualification (HZB)?
The University Entrance Qualification (HZB) is a test that international students must pass before they apply for their German student visa. Studying in Germany requires an entrance qualification that requires the completion of two courses: German language and mathematics. The selection process begins with an interview in which applicants will be evaluated on their knowledge of the German language, ability to communicate in a formal setting, and mathematical skills.
For a three-year course, students must take four courses (one during each semester), while for four-year programs, they must enroll in five courses per semester. After qualifying for this test, you can study bachelor’s in Germany
Thus, it’s up to the student to account for all expenses involved in filing their study visa application. Generally speaking, students need to budget for different expenses, such as German language courses, vaccinations, and health insurance coverage. Therefore, students must calculate their total costs before proceeding with their study visa application, so there are no surprises along the way.